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HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers: Fundamentals, Application, and Operation, Second Edition

Herbert W. Stanford


ISBN: 9781439862025
ANNOTATION:
HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers: Fundamentals, Application, and Operation, Second Edition explores the major improvements in recent years to many chiller and cooling tower components that have resulted in improved performance and lower operating costs. This new edition looks at how climate change and "green" designs have significantly impacted the selection of refrigerants and the application of chilled water systems. It also discusses the expanded use of digital controls and variable frequency drives as well as the re-introduction of some older technologies, especially ammonia-based absorption cooling. The first half of the book focuses on water chillers and the second half addresses cooling towers. In both sections, the author includes the following material: *Fundamentals-basic information about systems and equipment, including how they and their various components work *Design and Application-equipment sizing, selection, and application; details of piping, control, and water treatment; and special considerations such as noise control, electrical service, fire protection, and energy efficiency *Operations and Maintenance-commissioning and programmed maintenance of components and systems, with guidelines and recommended specifications for procurement This up-to-date book provides HVAC designers, building owners, operating and maintenance staff, architects, and mechanical contractors with definitive and practical guidance on the application, design, purchase, operation, and maintenance of water chillers and cooling towers. It offers helpful information for you to use on a daily basis, including checklists and troubleshooting guidelines.
HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers: Fundamentals, Application, and Operation, Second Edition
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ISBN: 9781439862025
ANNOTATION:
HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers: Fundamentals, Application, and Operation, Second Edition explores the major improvements in recent years to many chiller and cooling tower components that have resulted in improved performance and lower operating costs. This new edition looks at how climate change and "green" designs have significantly impacted the selection of refrigerants and the application of chilled water systems. It also discusses the expanded use of digital controls and variable frequency drives as well as the re-introduction of some older technologies, especially ammonia-based absorption cooling. The first half of the book focuses on water chillers and the second half addresses cooling towers. In both sections, the author includes the following material: *Fundamentals-basic information about systems and equipment, including how they and their various components work *Design and Application-equipment sizing, selection, and application; details of piping, control, and water treatment; and special considerations such as noise control, electrical service, fire protection, and energy efficiency *Operations and Maintenance-commissioning and programmed maintenance of components and systems, with guidelines and recommended specifications for procurement This up-to-date book provides HVAC designers, building owners, operating and maintenance staff, architects, and mechanical contractors with definitive and practical guidance on the application, design, purchase, operation, and maintenance of water chillers and cooling towers. It offers helpful information for you to use on a daily basis, including checklists and troubleshooting guidelines.

Annotation

HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers: Fundamentals, Application, and Operation, Second Edition explores the major improvements in recent years to many chiller and cooling tower components that have resulted in improved performance and lower operating costs. This new edition looks at how climate change and "green" designs have significantly impacted the selection of refrigerants and the application of chilled water systems. It also discusses the expanded use of digital controls and variable frequency drives as well as the re-introduction of some older technologies, especially ammonia-based absorption cooling. The first half of the book focuses on water chillers and the second half addresses cooling towers. In both sections, the author includes the following material: Fundamentals-basic information about systems and equipment, including how they and their various components work Design and Application-equipment sizing, selection, and application; details of piping, control, and water treatment; and special considerations such as noise control, electrical service, fire protection, and energy efficiency *Operations and Maintenance-commissioning and programmed maintenance of components and systems, with guidelines and recommended specifications for procurement This up-to-date book provides HVAC designers, building owners, operating and maintenance staff, architects, and mechanical contractors with definitive and practical guidance on the application, design, purchase, operation, and maintenance of water chillers and cooling towers. It offers helpful information for you to use on a daily basis, including checklists and troubleshooting guidelines.

Publisher Description

HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers: Fundamentals, Application, and Operation, Second Edition explores the major improvements in recent years to many chiller and cooling tower components that have resulted in improved performance and lower operating costs. This new edition looks at how climate change and "green" designs have significantly impacted the selection of refrigerants and the application of chilled water systems. It also discusses the expanded use of digital controls and variable frequency drives as well as the re-introduction of some older technologies, especially ammonia-based absorption cooling. The first half of the book focuses on water chillers and the second half addresses cooling towers. In both sections, the author includes the following material: Fundamentals--basic information about systems and equipment, including how they and their various components work Design and Application--equipment sizing, selection, and application; details of piping, control, and water treatment; and special considerations such as noise control, electrical service, fire protection, and energy efficiency Operations and Maintenance--commissioning and programmed maintenance of components and systems, with guidelines and recommended specifications for procurement This up-to-date book provides HVAC designers, building owners, operating and maintenance staff, architects, and mechanical contractors with definitive and practical guidance on the application, design, purchase, operation, and maintenance of water chillers and cooling towers. It offers helpful information for you to use on a daily basis, including checklists and troubleshooting guidelines.

Author Biography

Herbert W. Stanford III is a registered professional engineer in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Maryland. In 1977, he founded the engineering consulting firm Stanford White, Inc. Since his semiretirement in 1998, he has taught short courses on building topics at several universities. A life member of the ASHRAE, Mr. Stanford actively focuses on HVAC systems, indoor environmental quality, and building operations and maintenance.

Table of Contents

WATER CHILLERS: FUNDAMENTALS, APPLICATION, AND OPERATION CHILLER FUNDAMENTALS Refrigeration Machines Vapor Compression Refrigeration Absorption Refrigeration Vapor Compression Cycle Water Chillers Absorption Chillers Chilled Water for HVAC Applications Chiller Configurations The Single Chiller System Multichiller Systems System Peak Cooling Load and Load Profile Selecting Water Chillers Mixed Energy Source Chiller Systems CHILLER DESIGN AND APPLICATION Chilled Water System Elements Chiller Placement and Installation Chilled Water Piping Pump Selection and Piping Chilled Water System Control and Performance Start-Up Control Capacity Control Variable Flow Pumping Control Cooling Thermal Energy Storage Economics of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Available Technologies Application of TES Special Chiller Considerations Noise and Vibration Electrical Service Chiller Heat Recovery CHILLER OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE Chiller Operation and Maintenance Chiller Commissioning Chiller Maintenance Chiller Performance Troubleshooting Refrigerant Management Program Buying a Chiller Defining Chiller Performance Requirements Economic Evaluation of Chiller Systems Procurement Specifications COOLING TOWERS: FUNDAMENTALS, APPLICATION, AND OPERATION COOLING TOWER FUNDAMENTALS Cooling Tower Fundamentals Cooling Towers in HVAC Systems Condenser Water System Elements Nomenclature Cooling Tower Heat Transfer Cooling Tower Performance Factors Basic Cooling Tower Configuration Cooling Tower Components Fill Structural Frame Casing Wet Decks/Water Distribution Basins Intake Louvers and Drift Eliminators Fans, Motors, and Drives COOLING TOWER DESIGN AND APPLICATION Tower Configuration and Application Types of Cooling Towers Capacity and Performance Parameters Chiller/Cooling Tower Configuration Tower Placement and Installation Cooling Tower Piping Pump Selection, Placement, and Piping Evaporative Condensers and Coolers Cooling Tower Controls Start/Stop Control Capacity Control Makeup Water Control Operating Safety Controls Condenser Water Treatment Deposition Control Corrosion Control Biological Fouling Control Water Treatment Control Systems Alternative Water Treatment Methods Treatment for Wooden Towers Chemical Storage and Safety Special Tower Considerations Basin and Outdoor Piping Freeze Protection Waterside Economizer Cycle Noise and Vibration Plume Control Fire Protection Legionella Control COOLING TOWER OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE Cooling Tower Operation and Maintenance Tower Commissioning Cooling Tower Maintenance Tower Performance Troubleshooting Enhancing Tower Performance Cooling Towers in Freezing Climates Buying a Cooling Tower Defining Tower Performance Requirements CTI Ratings and Performance Guarantees Economic Evaluation of Alternative Cooling Tower Systems Procurement Specifications Water Treatment Program Contracting In Situ Tower Performance Testing Why In Situ Testing? Testing Criteria and Methods Tower Installation Requirements for Testing Appendix A: Design Ambient Wet Bulb Temperatures Appendix B1: Centrifugal Compressor Water Chillers Appendix B2: Scroll Compressor Water Chillers Appendix B3: Rotary Screw Compressor Water Chillers Appendix B4: Induced Draft Cooling Towers Appendix B5: Closed-Circuit Liquid Coolers Appendix C: References and Resources Index

Product Details

Author
Herbert W. Stanford
Short Title
HVAC WATER CHILLERS & COOLING
Pages
407
Publisher
CRC Press
Edition Description
Revised
Series
Dekker Mechanical Engineering
Language
English
Edition
2nd
ISBN-10
1439862028
ISBN-13
9781439862025
Media
Book
Format
Hardcover
Series Number
220
Illustrations
Yes
Year
2011
Country of Publication
United States
Subtitle
Fundamentals, Application, and Operation, Second Edition
Publication Date
2011-11-16