Animal Physiology, Fourth Edition presents all the branches of modern animal physiology with a strong emphasis on integration of physiological knowledge, ecology, and evolutionary biology.
Animal Physiology, Fourth Edition presents all the branches of modern animal physiology with a strong emphasis on integration of physiological knowledge, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Integration extends from genes to organ systems and from one physiological discipline to another. The book takes an entirely fresh approach to each topic. Its full-color illustrations include many novel, visually effective features to help students learn. Each of the 25 main chapters starts with an animal example to engage student interest and demonstrate the value of the material that will be learned. The book includes five additional, briefer 'At Work' chapters that apply students' newfound physiological knowledge to curiosity-provoking and important topics, including diving by marine mammals, the mechanisms of navigation, and muscle plasticity in use and disuse.
The book is committed to a comparative approach throughout. Whereas mammalian physiology is consistently treated in depth, emphasis is also given to the other vertebrate groups, arthropods, and molluscs. Concepts and integrative themes are emphasized while giving students the specifics they need.
The whole animal is the principal focus of this book. The book's extensive coverage of genomics and cellular-molecular biology is therefore carefully linked to whole-animal biology. With this edition, coverage of physiologically relevant genomics has been greatly expanded. The subject matter of animal physiology is also linked to topics in human affairs, such as athletic training and global warming. Always, the central organizing principle for the array of topics presented is to understand whole animals in the environments where they live.
Complex principles are developed clearly using classroom-tested pedagogy, often with carefully designed conceptual illustrations. Concepts from chemistry, physics, and mathematics are explained so that the book will be accessible to science students at the sophomore or higher level. Pedagogical aids include embedded summaries throughout chapters, study questions (with online answers), partially annotated reference lists, an extensive glossary, ten appendices (covering logarithms, phylogenetically independent contrasts, basic physics terms, etc.), and an upgraded index. Carefully worded balloons are used extensively to guide students through the interpretation of figures. For all three authors, teaching physiology to undergraduate students has been a lifelong priority.
Richard W. Hill is Professor in the Department of Integrative Biology at Michigan State University and a frequent Guest Investigator at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He received his Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Michigan. Apart from Sinauer Associates' editions of Animal Physiology, Dr. Hill is a coauthor of Principles of Life, 2nd edition (Sinauer, 2014) and has authored two other books on animal physiology (the second with Gordon Wyse), as well as numerous articles for scientific journals, encyclopedias, and edited volumes. Among the awards he has received are the Outstanding Faculty Award (Michigan State University Senior Class Council) and election as Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was a U.S. Senior Fulbright Scholar in 2000-2001. His research interests include: temperature regulation and energetics in birds and mammals, especially neonates; and environmental physiology of marine tertiary sulfonium and quaternary ammonium compounds, especially in the contexts of biogeochemistry and animal-algal symbioses.
Gordon A. Wyse is Professor of Biology Emeritus and Lecturer at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of Michigan, then did postdoctoral and sabbatical work at Stanford University and Harvard Medical School. Dr. Wyse helped found the graduate program in Neuroscience and Behavior at UMass Amherst. He has served as Associate Dean of the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, and on the Editorial Board of Advances in Physiology Education. His research interests include the neural control of feeding behavior and other behavior patterns.
Margaret Anderson is Professor Emerita of Biological Sciences at Smith College. After completing her Ph.D. at Stanford University, she undertook postdoctoral studies at the Universidad Catolica de Chile, Harvard University, and the University of Puerto Rico. At Smith, Dr. Anderson served as an Academic Dean, Director of the Program in Neuroscience, and premedical advisor. She is one of six founding members of the Consortium of Medical Schools and Women's Colleges, and she contributes to several efforts that encourage women and minorities in the sciences. Her research interests include the functional properties of excitable cells.
PART I: FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSIOLOGY.- 1. Animals and Environments: Function on the Ecological Stage.- 2. Molecules and Cells in Animal Physiology.- 3. Genomics, Proteomics, and Related Approaches to Physiology.- 4. Physiological Development and Epigenetics.- 5. Transport of Solutes and Water.- PART II: FOOD, ENERGY, AND TEMPERATURE.- 6. Nutrition, Feeding, and Digestion.- 7. Energy Metabolism.- 8. Aerobic and Anaerobic Forms of Metabolism.- 9. The Energetics of Aerobic Activity.- 10. Thermal Relations.- 11. Food, Energy, and Temperature at Work: The Lives of Mammals in Frigid Places.- PART III: INTEGRATING SYSTEMS.- 12. Neurons.- 13. Synapses.- 14. Sensory Processes.- 15. Nervous System Organization and Biological Clocks.- 16. Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Physiology.- 17. Reproduction.- 18. Integrating Systems at Work: Animal Navigation.- PART IV: MOVEMENT AND MUSCLE.- 19. Control of Movement: The Motor Bases of Animal Behavior.- 20. Muscle.- 21. Movement and Muscle at Work: Plasticity in Response to Use and Disuse.- PART V: OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INTERNAL TRANSPORT.- 22. Introduction to Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Physiology.- 23. External Respiration: The Physiology of Breathing.- 24. Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in Body Fluids (with an Introduction to Acid-Base Physiology).- 25. Circulation.- 26. Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, and Internal Transport at Work: Diving by Marine Mammals.- PART VI: WATER, SALTS, AND EXCRETION.- 27. Water and Salt Physiology: Introduction and Mechanisms.- 28. Water and Salt Physiology of Animals in Their Environments.- 29. Kidneys and Excretion (with Notes on Nitrogen Excretion).- 30. Water, Salts, and Excretion at Work: Mammals of Deserts and Dry Savannas.
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